Fire Pumps

What is a fire pump?
A type of pump used to move water through a fire sprinkler system or to manual hose bibs in a commercial building or industrial plant. The pump’s intake is usually connected to the external water supply, although in some cases it may be connected to a local water source such as a well, tank, or body of water.
The fire pump system, of which the pump is the critical component, is designed to quickly deliver enough water to efficiently douse a fire before it has a chance to spread. In many areas, they are required to be periodically tested and certified by the local fire inspection agency. They are commonly used in buildings with upper floors that are too high to be reached with the pressure of the local water supply, or where there is not enough fire fighting capacity from the local water supply.
They generally work within the following ranges:

  • Flow rate ranges between 20 and 5,000 gpm
  • Total head (pressure) ranges between 100 and 1,200 ft
  • Horsepower ranges between 10 and 800 hp


Fire pumps and the rest of the system are required to meet the requirements of NFPA (National Fire Protection Association), UL (Underwriter’s Laboratory), and, in Canada, CSA (Canadian Standards Association). These requirements are quite detailed as to both the hydraulic and the mechanical requirements for the pump, driver, and controls. There are a limited number of NFPA, UL, and CSA approved pump suppliers. Local standards and the owner’s insurance requirements should be studied carefully before selecting a fire pump type and supplier.
How do they work?
They are usually centrifugal pumps and are powered by either an A.C. electric motor or a diesel engine. When one of the sprinklers in the building detects a high level of heat, the pump begins working immediately. In some cases, the fire regulations may require a fire pump to have an emergency generator as a back-up in the event of a power failure. Small, portable engine-driven configurations are used in forest fire fighting applications.
Fire pump mechanisms
The most common types are horizontal split case pumps and vertical turbine pumps. Some applications for lower flows may include end suction pumps or vertical inline pumps. Many fire systems also use a jockey pump. This is a small centrifugal pump that runs continuously to keep the fire system piping filled and under pressure. This ensures that the sprinklers will be immediately effective when they are opened and the fire pump is started.

1. Firefly PP Petrol

PORTABLE FIRE PUMP (PETROL)
Portable Fire Pump driven by a four stroke four cylinder Petrol/Diesel engine has a capacity of 1100/1400 lpm at 7 Kg/cm2 Max. attainable pressure is 12 Kg/cm2. The pump has one 100 mm suction inlet & two 63 mm deliveries. The pump is primed by an exhaust ejector primer within 30 seconds from 7 mtrs at NTP conditions.
Description: http://www.fireproductsearch.com/assets/Uploads/28012008105111-ppump_desel.jpg
2.Firefly PP Diesel


 PORTABLE FIRE PUMP (DIESEL)
Portable Fire Pump ( Diesel )
275 LPM @ 4.5 Bar
Maximum Pressure :- 6.0 Bar
Maximum Discharge :- 600 LPM
Weight ( Dry ) :  70 kg (Recoil type rope start)
                       75 kg (Electric Start, without battery)                           
Dimensions in cm L x W x H :- 61 x 51 x 65
Suction :- 75 mm
Delivery :- 1 x 63 mm

Description: http://www.fireproductsearch.com/assets/Uploads/fireflypumpdese1.jpg

3.Manual Pump Portable Hydro Oil

Specifications
Manual Pump 
1)power hydraulic rescue tools 
2)Max. force of hand shank 350N 
3)Rated output 1.5ml 
4)No spark for mine

Manual Pump
BS63/1.5-A
Rated output pressure 63mpa 
German seals 
Max force of hand bar 350n 
Product description
This hand pump is using hydraulic power ,mini size  light weight, easy to carry. Special designed for emergency and explosive dangerous places design.
Scope of application
Traffic accident rescue earthquake disaster relief accident rescue etc


Features
   1.Suitable for inflammable plasces, operation in process not sparks
   2.With high and low voltage grade output ,automatically chaning to sped up rescue.
   3.Can working with any hydraulic tools from Aolai.
   4.Using the seals was imported from German, no leakage
   5.Wide using range.
   6.Hydraulic oil for aviation, can be working at 30°C - 55°C environmental temperatures,
   7.Operating noise free

Main Parameter of Hydraulic Hand Pump

Model

BS63/1.5-A

Rated Output Pressure(High Pressure)

63Mpa

Rated Output

≥1.5 ml / times

Pressure of Low-pressure Output

5-10Mpa

Low Pressure Flow

≥12 ml / times

Tank Volume of Hydraulic Oil

≥2.0L

Max. Force of Hand Bar

≤350 N(0.350KN)

Mass (working model and not with the tubing )

≤10 kg

Dimensions L*W*H

715*180*170 mm

Description: http://i01.i.aliimg.com/img/pb/758/862/274/274862758_967.jpg

4.Brand Name: Winsu

Model Number: BJD10A

Theory: Vacuum Pump

Structure: Screw Pump

Usage: Water

Power: Pneumatic

Fuel: Diesel

Pressure: High Pressure

Application: Fire

Specifications
powered by Winsun patent air-cooled diesel engine,short priming time, high pressure,safe

Model BJD10A
Water pump inlet joint type screw type
joint caliber    65mm
Water pump outlet joint type tooth type
joint caliber    65mm
Rated flow   L/min ≥500
Max.flow   L/min ≥750
Outlet pressure   Mpa 0.55
Max.pressure   Mpa 0.6
Priming time   s ≤20
Max.vacuum   Mpa ≥0.085
Starting way electric/recoil
Max.depth of sucking  m 7
Finished pump mass  kg ≤75
Outer size(LxWxH)  mm 640x600x560
Engine model WS188FB

Description: http://www.winsunpower.cn/imageRepository/b96edf16-d031-40bb-9932-8366963d52d8.jpg

5. Axial Flow Pumps

What is an axial flow pump?

An axial flow pump is a type of centrifugal pump that uses an impeller with vanes that direct the flow axially. In this way, they differ from most other centrifugal pumps, which direct the flow more radially. In general, axial flow pumps create less pressure (head) than radial flow centrifugal pumps, but they can produce much higher flow rates.

How do they work?

The pump usually consists of an impeller with a few number of vanes, typically only three or four vanes. The vanes are oriented in such a way that the pumped fluid exits axially (i.e., in the same direction as the shaft), rather than radially (90 degrees from the shaft). The impeller is normally driven by an electric motor. The axial orientation of the impeller vanes produces very low head as the liquid is pumped. 
An axial flow pump may generate only 10 to 20 feet of head, much lower than most other types of centrifugal pumps. They are capable of producing very high flow rates – as high as several hundred thousand gallons per minute, the highest flow rates of any type of centrifugal pump.
They're sometimes called propeller pumps, because the axial flow impeller looks similar to a boat propeller. Some configurations can have their flow and head adjusted by altering the pitch of the impeller vanes.
Axial flow pumps have performance characteristics that are quite different from other pump types. Even though they produce very low heads at their normal operating point, the curve of head versus capacity is much steeper than with other centrifugal pump types. The shut-off  (zero flow) head may be as much as three times the head at the pump’s best efficiency point. Also, the required horsepower increases as flow is decreased, with the highest horsepower draw being at shut off (zero flow). This is opposite of the trend with radial flow pumps, which require an increasing horsepower at higher flow rates.

Where are they used?

Axial flow pumps are used in applications that require very high flow rates and very low amounts of pressure (head). They are useful as circulating water pumpsin power plants. They’re also commonly used in the chemical industry for circulating large amounts of fluids in evaporators. And they are useful in flood dewatering applications where large quantities of water need to be moved a short distance, such as over a levee or dyke. These applications are not nearly as common as applications for radial flow pumps, so there are not nearly as many axial flow pumps as there are radial flow pumps.

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6. Centrifugal Pumps

What is a centrifugal pump?

The most common type of pump with dozen of different configurations available including: fire pumps, end suction pumps, chopper pumps, grinder pumps, magnetic drive pumps and many more.
Centrifugal pumps use one or more impellers which attach to and rotate with the shaft, providing the energy that moves liquid through the pump and pressurizes the liquid to move it through the piping system. They are usually quick to install, require less maintenance than other alternatives, and are generally easy to repair.
They are usually the best choice for lower viscosity (thin) liquids and high flow rates. They pumps are also used in many residential, commercial, industrial, and municipal applications. Multi-stage centrifugal pumps have more than one impeller, and are used for applications that require higher pressure or head.
Centrifugal pumps generally work within the following ranges:

  • Flow rate ranges between 5 and 200,000 gpm
  • Total head (pressure) ranges between 10 and 7,500 ft
  • Horsepower ranges between 0.125 and 5,000 hp

There are a wide variety of materials of construction, ranging from various plastics and cast iron or stamped stainless steel for lighter duties - to bronzes, stainless steels, exotic alloys, and specialty plastics for more corrosive, abrasive, hygienic, or other difficult applications.
Piping connections on centrifugal pumps are available with standard pipe threads on smaller sizes, and flanges on larger sizes. Specialty connections are available from some pump manufacturers for particular applications. The normal drivers supplied are A.C. induction motors, but some manufacturers offer pumps with D.C. drives or adaptable to other power transmission devices such as engines and gear boxes.

How do they work?

A centrifugal pump works by:

  • First the pump directs the liquid in the system into the suction port of the pump and from there into the inlet of the impeller.
  • The rotating impeller moves the liquid along the spinning vanes, which increases the velocity energy of the liquid.
  • The liquid then leaves the impeller vanes and then moves into the pump volute or diffuser casing, where the high velocity of the fluid is converted into high pressure through a diffusion process.
  • The fluid is then guided into the discharge port of the pump and from there out into the system, or on to the next stage in the case of a multi-stage pump.

 Description: http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSCKw4YzZ263yoz33eQ3vjAOdJEpE-jTzjJjJcTFf9t-GbmZV5F

7. Process Pumps

What is a process pump?

A wide and versatile category of pumps used in many different industries. They are generally considered any type of stationary, industrial pump designed for a specific industrial process. Process pumps may be centrifugal pumps or positive displacement pumps, and there are many types and construction details that vary widely depending on the process they are used.

Different types

Because process pumps are such a broad category, the exact pump type and construction details can vary widely. Some types are heavy-duty centrifugal pumps primarily designed to move fluids that may be highly volatile, corrosive, or abrasive. Other types may be positive displacement pumps.
They can be made of exotic metallurgy to withstand the corrosive and abrasive liquids to which they are exposed. Or, they may be made completely of plastics for applications in semiconductor manufacturing, and for medical, and scientific research.
Below are descriptions of some of the most common types:
1. ANSI Pumps are a type of single-stage end suction centrifugal pump. This type is designed to the ANSI B73.1 standard, and each size of this type of pump has identical envelope dimensions for all manufacturers (e.g., face of suction flange to end of shaft, centerline of pump to face of discharge flange, bolt circle and size of flange bolts, shaft and keyway dimensions, and feet locations).
This dimensional standard among manufacturers for each size of pump is unique with the ANSI chemical pump, and it allows the users to switch brands without affecting piping location, motor attachment, coupling, or bedplate dimensions. This type comes in a wide range of materials depending on the application. In addition to the chemical industry, the ANSI pump is also used in refineries, paper mills, and many other plant environments.
2. API Pumps are centrifugal pumps that are used in hydrocarbon services in refineries, pipelines, and other hydrocarbon processing plants. Theey are designed to the API 610 standard for pumps in hydrocarbon services. This standard is not a dimensional standard like the ANSI pump standard. The API 610 pump standard covers a number of centrifugal pump types, including: end suction pumpshorizontal split case pumpsmulti-stage pumpsvertical turbine pumps, and others. The standard is quite conservative in terms of design requirements for casing thickness, shaft deflection, nozzle loads, bearing life, etc., in consideration of the fact that this pump type is often handling volatile, high temperature, and high pressure hydrocarbons.
3. Hygienic Process Pumps may be centrifugal or positive displacement pumps, depending on the type of liquids they are handling. This pump type is used in process applications in the food processing, beverage, pharmaceutical, biotech, and personal care products industries. Hygienic pumps are usually made of 316 L stainless steel. All parts are highly polished and the pump is designed to eliminate any crevices where bacteria could grow. Often the pumps are designed to be quickly disassembled for manual cleaning, and many can be cleaned in place (CIP) or steamed in place (SIP).                 

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8. Explosion Proof Pumps

What is an explosion proof pump?

A pump designed to prevent the internal environment within the pump from becoming ignited and exploding. They are required in environments where explosion is a possibility, such as in sewage treatment plants or in refineries. Because there are so many different types of pumping applications where explosion resistance is imperative, they can take numerous forms.
Explosion proofs pumps may be heavy-duty industrial positive displacement pumps such as piston pumps,diaphragm pumps, or plunger pumps. In some cases they may also be centrifugal pumps. The main criteria for this type of pump is that the motor and all of the wiring and motor controls are designed to eliminate the possibility of a spark which could cause an explosion.

Where are they used?

They are used in any pumping application where there is a significant risk of explosion because of the type of fluid being pumped. Obviously, this isn't a problem where water is the primary fluid being pumped. But these pumps are especially useful in the pumping of inflammable materials, particularly oil-based fluids, natural gases, adhesives, many types of chemicals, and many types of hazardous materials. This makes them useful in mining, natural gas extraction, and many types of hydrocarbon processing plants.
Other related Pump Types include: industrial pumpchemical pumpprocess pumpsludge pump.

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9. Booster Pumps

What is a booster pump?

A type of centrifugal pump used to increase the pressure of liquid that is already flowing from one place to another in a pipeline. They are employed in many varied applications and may be used in combination with vertical turbine pumps or vertical submersible pumps to further boost the pressure (head) of irrigation or drinking water being pumped from wells.
Booster pumps are often used in pipelines to add pressure (head) to move the liquid along to the next pump or to its final destination at the end of the pipeline. And they are used in many process applications, where the pressure (head) required for the service is more than one pump can deliver, or where a second pump is required to make sure that the pumps do not cavitate.
Booster pumps may be end suction pumpshorizontal split case pumpsmultistage pumps, or vertical turbine pumps, depending on the flow and head (pressure) requirement.
They generally work within the following ranges:

  • Flow rate ranges between 5 and 10,000 gpm
  • Total head (pressure) ranges between 200 and 7,500 ft
  • Horsepower ranges between 1 and 5,000 hp

How do they work?

Most  are centrifugal pumps, relying upon one or more impellers to draw the pumped fluid into the intake of the pump, and to boost its pressure as the fluid passes through the impeller and the volute or diffuser casing. Some are single-stage, meaning that they have a single impeller. These are generally used in applications where the amount of additional pressure (head) that is required is not significant. There are also multi-stage configurations involving more than one impeller, which are used to deliver higher heads such as would be required to move water up to substantially higher elevations or through much longer pipelines.

Where are they used?

Single-stage booster pumps are used in private residences or other buildings that are far from the municipal water supply, or where water pressure at the building is inadequate. They’re also useful for irrigation systems if the well pump doesn’t have sufficient pressure (head) for the distance the water needs to travel and how big of a field needs to be irrigated.
Multi-stage configurations are often used to boost water supply in hilly areas, for both agricultural, commercial, and residential uses. They’re also essential in tall buildings. In industrial applications, booster pumps are used in pipelines, and some process systems.

Description: http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSnv3V__GdN-T-ozzMU3vF5dQWWgx8ea85Z_K-_Hn32Lb8-KV3LoA                                  

Rescue Tools

Description: Banner Advertisements on Fire Product Search
Rescue Tools and hydraulic rescue tools are used by firefighters and emergency rescue crews to rescue trapped victims from collapsed buildings or more commonly road traffic accidents (RTA’s).  Fire Rescue Tools and hydraulic rescue equipment include cutters, spreaders, ram jacks and combined rescue tools.
Combi Tools also known as combination rescue tools are rescue tools that can be used for both cutting and spreading.  Combination tools can be powered by hydraulics or batteries offering rescue teams two functions with one tools.
Cutters also known as hydraulic rescue cutters are rescue tools designed to cut through metal.  Rescue cutters are extremely powerful and are commonly used to rescue and extricate victims of road traffic accidents (RTA’s) by cutting through vehicle structures. Cutters can also be powered by battery known as battery powered rescue cutters which are more commonly used in confined space rescue. 
Fire Rescue Tools and Forciable Entry Tools are heavy-duty tools designed to pound, puncture, pry, twist, and cut all types of barriers encountered by firefighters, rescue teams and emergency service personnel.  Firefighter tools are normally lightweight and easy to carry.
Power Units also known as Rescue Tool Power Units provide power to hydraulic rescue tools including cutters, spreaders and ram jack or rescue rams.  Rescue Power Units are most commonly a separate small petrol powered engine connected to a hydraulic pump but can also be an electrical pump powered by a battery.
Ram Jacks also known as Rescue Rams are designed to be used with cutters and spreaders as part of the complete package of rescue tools to rescue and extricate victims of road traffic accidents (RTAs). The Hydrualic Rescue Rams main purpose is to open the gap in the vehicle structure created by a spreader as they can travel further for example pushing away car seats or an indented roof.
Spreaders also known as Rescue Spreaders are hydraulic or battery powered rescue tools designed to rescue and extricate victims of road traffic accidents (RTA’s) by spreading open vehicle structures.  Hydraulic Rescue Spreaders are extremely powerful being able to spread its arms open at extreme forces.  Battery Powered Rescue Spreders are also available for use in confined spaces.